You should figure out how mild or severe your acne condition is before choosing a treatment option for it.
Whiteheads and blackheads, for example, need no more than over-the-counter topical medications with benzoyl peroxide content in gel or cream form applied morning and night for 2 – 3 weeks.
The more severe types of acne such as nodules may need a prescription from your dermatologist.
For Simple Acne Conditions
Treatment for simple acne cases does not have to be washed frequently. This can cause irritation to the skin.
Lukewarm water and a mild facial cleanser or soap should be used. Use water-based cosmetics labeled as non-comedogenic. This mean, they don’t have ingredients which tend to cause pore blockage.
Remove make-up, sunblock and any other stuff that you have out in your skin before you go to bed. Keep your hair away from your face, especially if you have oily hair, and get a haircut style with no bangs.
Oh, and Do. Not. Squeeze. Blackheads. No matter how tempted you are because all it will do is to give you permanent scarring.
See Your Dermatologist First
If your acne condition gets worse and topical treatments are not effective, don’t worry! There is still a solution for widespread acne.
There are prescription medications that can help you reduce swelling. Apart from that, it can stop pus coming out of your zits. Some of them are azelaic acid, topical antibiotics and retinoids, and antibiotic tablets.
A dermatologist should be able to tell you which combinations would be most suitable for your acne condition. Usually topical ointments and antibiotic tablets.
Ask your dermatologist if Isotretinoin would work for you. Topical retinoids reduce sebum production and prevent dead cells of the skin from plugging your hair follicles.
The Topical Ointments and Antibiotics
Topical antibiotics kill bacteria on the surface of the skin and below them, stopping infections that may have occurred.
This antibiotic is available in cream and gel preparations. It must be applied only from 6 to 8 weeks! A longer application period can make bacteria resistant to drugs and worsen existing infections.
There might be slight irritation, burning sensation, redness, and peeling in and of the skin during a treatment using topical antibiotics.
Should you freak out with the side effects of both benzoyl peroxide and topical retinoids.
You can use azelaic acid, a milder preparation that does the same job as topical antibiotics without the shedding of tears.
A month is all you need if you dutifully apply azelaic acid before bedtime.
Oral antibiotics such as tetracyclines do the same job as the treatments mentioned earlier. But with more intensity, as these are usually prescribed for acne that has developed into nodules and pustules.
Tetracyclines, however, will cause your skin to be more sensitive than usual to sunlight and render oral contraceptives only partially effective.
For acne associated with medical conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS, Co-Cyprindiol is a hormonal treatment for those with severe cases of acne that have not responded to antibiotics.
Co-Cyprindiol reduces sebum production significantly between two and six months of use. Co-Cyprindiol taken over a prolonged period of time may cause breast cancer (maybe pimples are easier to live with than a double mastectomy). There is also a chance, albeit very little, that Co-Cyprindiol may cause a blood clot somewhere.
Isotretinoin does the same thing as the treatments mentioned before! It is only prescribed for a serious acne case. Since its side effects can be intensive as well as extensive:
- changes in levels of blood sugar
- inflammation of lips, skin, and nostrils that can cause dryness in those areas
- blepharitis or inflammation of the eyelids
- conjunctivitis or eye irritation
- kidney disorders
- and inflammation of both liver and pancreas
Popular Spa Treatments
Non-medication treatments offered at beauty salons and spas. It may take longer to show its effects but they are, by far and large, safer and non-invasive:
- Photodynamic therapy which uses application of light on skin areas that have been overrun by postule- and nodule-type acne.
- A Comedone Extractor is a small, pen-like tool that cleans out whiteheads and blackheads.
- Chemical peel applied to the face. This serves to bring out old skin so that new skin can grow as a replacement.